Knee Pain Exercises

Simple Exercises


Step ups Leg stretch

Sit on the floor with your Step onto the bottom step legs stretched out in front. of stairs with the right foot. Keeping your foot to the Bring up the left foot, then floor, slowly bend one step down with the right knee until you feel it being foot, followed by the left comfortably stretched. foot. Repeat with each leg Hold for 5 seconds. until you get short of breath. Straighten your leg as far Hold on to the bannister if as you can and hold for 5 necessary. As you improve, seconds. Repeat 10 times try to increase the number of with each leg. steps you can do in 1 minute

Leg cross

Sit on the edge of a table or bed. Cross your ankles over. Push your front leg backwards and back leg forwards against each other until the thigh muscles become tense. Hold for 10 seconds, then relax. Switch legs and repeat. Do 4 sets with each leg.


Sit on a chair. Without using your hands for support, stand up and then sit back down. Make sure each movement is slow and controlled. Repeat for 1 minute. As you improve, try to increase the number of sit/stands you can do in 1 minute and try the exercise from lower chairs or the bottom two steps of a staircase. and the height of the step.

Knee squats

Hold onto a chair or work surface for support. Squat down until your kneecap covers your big toe. Return to standing. Repeat at least 10 times. As you improve, try to squat a little further. Don’t bend your knees beyond a right angle.


  • Knee pain can be caused by a number of different things. Whatever the cause, exercise and keeping to a healthy weight can reduce symptoms.
  • You can take painkillers to ease pain. Taking them before exercise can help you stay active without causing extra pain.

Knee pain


This page provides general information about knee pain and simple exercises that may help.

How does the knee work?


The knee joint is where the thigh and shin bones meet. The end of each bone is covered with cartilage, which allows the ends of the bones to move against each other almost without friction. The knee joint has two extra pieces of cartilage called menisci, which spread the load more evenly across the knee.

The knee joint is held in place by four large ligaments. These are thick, strong bands which run within or just outside the joint capsule. Together with the capsule, the ligaments prevent the bones moving in the wrong directions or dislocating. The thigh muscles (quadriceps) also help to hold the knee joint in place.

What causes knee pain?


There are many different causes of knee pain. A common cause is osteoarthritis, a condition that affects the body’s joints. The surfaces within the joint are damaged so the joint doesn’t move as smoothly as it should. Your doctor will be able to tell you what A normal knee joint bone:

  • Bone
  • Synovium
  • Capsule
  • Cartilage
  • Ligament
  • Muscle
  • Tendon
  • Bone
  • Meniscus (knee only) has caused your pain, but the information and exercises here will be relevant for most cases.

What can be done to help?



There are a number of different tablets and creams available. Painkillers such as paracetamol and ibuprofen may help and you should use them if you need to. It’s important that you take them regularly and at the recommended dose to help you control the pain and allow you to continue exercising. Don’t wait until your pain is severe before taking painkillers.

You shouldn’t take ibuprofen or aspirin if you’re pregnant or have asthma, indigestion or an ulcer until you’ve spoken to your doctor or pharmacist. Medication can have side effects so you should read the label carefully and check with your pharmacist if you have any queries.

If over-the-counter medication doesn’t work, your doctor may prescribe stronger painkillers or capsaicin cream, which you can rub directly onto the knee.



If your knee pain is affecting your activity and is persisting, ask your GP about referral to a physiotherapist. Physiotherapy can help you to manage pain and improve your strength and flexibility. A physiotherapist can provide a variety of treatments, help you understand your problem and get you back to your normal activities.



Surgery may be recommended if your pain is very severe or you have mobility problems. Your doctor will discuss with you what the surgery may involve.

What can I do to help myself?


  • lose weight (if you’re overweight)
  • exercise low-impact activities such as swimming, cycling and using a cross-trainer are particularly good. Thigh muscle (quadriceps) exercises
  • Straight-leg raise (sitting)

Sit well back in the chair with good posture. Straighten and raise one leg. Hold for a slow count to 10, then slowly lower your leg. Repeat this at least 10 times with each leg. If you can do this easily, try it with light weights on your ankles and with your toes pointing towards you. Try doing this every time you sit down. Straight-leg raise (lying)

Bend one leg at the knee. Hold the other leg straight and lift the foot just off the bed. Hold for a slow count of 5, then lower. Repeat 5 times with each leg. Try doing it in the morning and at night while lying in bed.

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