Cole Harbour Integrated Health Services - pt Health

  • Address
  • 51 Forest Hills Parkway, Box 16
    Dartmouth, Nova Scotia B2W 6C6
    Canada
    (902) 701-8376
  • Parking
  • General Parking
  • Hours of Operation
  • Monday : 7:00 AM-9:00 PM
  • Tuesday : 7:00 AM-9:00 PM
  • Wednesday : 7:00 AM-9:00 PM
  • Thursday : 7:00 AM-9:00 PM
  • Friday : 7:00 AM-9:00 PM
  • Saturday : Closed
  • Sunday : Closed
  • Languages Spoken
  • English, French

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Welcome to Cole Harbour Integrated Health Services

Helping Dartmouth residents feel their best for over 15 years


At Cole Harbour Integrated Health Services you can expect:

  • Results: Proven, one-to-one, evidence-based therapy
  • Coverage Options: Covered by WCB & most insurance plans with minimal out-of-pocket fees
  • Efficient Recovery: We get you back to enjoying a pain-free life as quickly as possible
  • Short & Long Term Relief: We focus on the root cause of your pain, not just symptoms
  • Flexible Scheduling: Convenient scheduling around work and home obligations
  • Prevention Strategies: We show you how to keep pain from coming back – on your own
  • Experienced Clinicians: Licensed clinicians who genuinely care about reaching your goals
  • No Wait List: Access to therapy in under 48 hours – normally same day

We also offer a convenient no-obligation appointment option so you can learn more about how we can help with no commitment.

When you choose Cole Harbour Integrated Health Services you will find experienced  staff who work together to ensure optimal care for your painful injury.

Located on Forest Hills Parkway, Cole Harbour Integrated Health Services recognizes the differences in shapes, sizes, strengths and degrees of injury amongst all of our patients and designs sensible rehabilitation programs that help our patients reach their personal rehabilitation goals. Whether it is pain relief or recovery from an injury, we will provide therapy options that can help you play an active role in achieving your goals. We are a multidisciplinary clinic, by working together as a team, all clinicians are in constant communication with each other in order to ensure that each patient receives the most effective treatment possible.

We successfully treat many conditions and injuries through a variety of effective therapy options. Click on the “condition” tab above to learn more about therapy options.

Early Intervention Can Help Prevent Lifelong Chronic Pain

Early intervention is critical to a speedy recovery. Research has proven that people who seek therapy early after an injury have shorter recovery periods and are 8 times less likely to develop chronic pain.*

Cole Harbour Integrated Health Services can help you feel your best. Schedule your no-obligation appointment today using the form to the right, or give us a call and put Cole Harbour Integrated Health Services full spectrum of advanced rehabilitation services to work for you.

*Study by the Department of Occupational Medicine at the Orebro Medical Centre.

Conditions We Treat

At Cole Harbour Integrated Health Services, our team has extensive experience and training in treating a variety of different conditions.


If you are experiencing pain from an ankle injury it is important that you get the correct form of treatment. If your ankle injury is not given the proper attention and healed completely, you run the risk of it occurring again or developing a chronic condition.Our approach to physiotherapy starts first by helping you understand your ankle injury as well as implement the necessary rehabilitation steps and bracing (when applicable)that can help correct your ankle problem.To learn more about how we can help your specific ankle injury, consider scheduling a no obligation physio appointment today.
Unfortunately there is no cure for osteoarthritis. Arthritis is a chronic but very treatable disease. Our physiotherapist’s goals are to relieve your pain and to improve or maintain movement of affected joints. Our treatment for OA involves no prescriptions. Our rehab team will provide several options to help manage your symptoms effectively. To learn more about how we can help your specific OA pain, consider scheduling a no obligation physiotherapy appointment today.
Our physiotherapy team designs programs to address a particular back condition and to help you prevent future back pain problems from reoccurring. Physiotherapy treatments focus first on relieving pain, improving your back movement, and fostering healthy posture. There is a great deal of scientific evidence that physiotherapy is beneficial for back pain. pt Health physio clinics are evidence based and use the most current research when developing your treatment plan. We treat: piriformis syndrome, spinal stenosis, degenerative disc disease, disc herniation among other conditions. To learn more about how we can help your specific back injury, consider scheduling a no obligation appointment today.
Non infected bursitis can be treated effectively. Our physio team will apply advanced therapy techniques to help reduce the inflammatory process of bursitis. Electrotherapy, such as ultrasound or shortwave diathermy can also help greatly. Your situation is unique, and so should your treatment be. To learn more about how we can help your bursitis pain, consider scheduling a no obligation physiotherapy appointment today.
Car accident rehabilitation is a specialized type of physiotherapy with a focus on collaboration between pt Health rehab professionals. Our ultimate goal is to fully return you to the physical state that you were in the minute before your car accident occurred. Car accident therapy often requires the care of more than one health care provider and may involve blending such treatments as physiotherapy and massage therapy, for example. Your situation is unique. To learn more about how we can help your specific injury, consider scheduling a no obligation appointment today. Learn more about our physio treatment approach to auto accident whiplash.
The main focus of our treatment is to reduce or eliminate the cause of pressure in the carpal tunnel. We may provide suggestions about the use of healthy body alignment and wrist positions, helpful exercises, and tips on how to prevent future problems. Our physiotherapist may also begin treatments to reduce inflammation and to encourage normal gliding of the tendons and median nerve within the carpal tunnel. Although time required for recovery is different for every patient, as a general rule, you may see improvement in as little as four weeks. Your situation is unique. To learn more about how we can help your specific carpal tunnel injury, consider booking a physiotherapy appointment at a clinic near you.
Acute injuries usually occur suddenly during activities. When you experience an acute injury there are things your pt Health physiotherapist can do to minimize tissue damage and protect from further injury. We help you to manage and recover from your injury sooner. Chronic pain is a broad category that includes many common conditions that affect the soft tissues of the body. At pt Health many nonsurgical treatment approaches are used by our rehabilitation team to reduce the symptoms of chronic pain. Our physiotherapy team gathers detailed information and will evaluate your condition closely. The answers you give along with the results of the examination will guide us in tailoring a unique treatment program that is right for you.
A concussion is known as a type of trauma, or injury, to the brain. In some cases it can result in additional symptoms, including neurological, physical, and emotional. At pt Health, we work with you to successfully recover from a concussion, through such techniques as vestibular rehabilitation, to help retrain the brain to recognize the signals from the vestibular system, proprioception, and vision to help with imbalance.
The elbow is one of those areas that is easy to injure, whether it be from sitting at a desk all day or playing your favourite sport. Because elbow injury is most often linked to overuse, our physiotherapy team will work with you to reduce repeated strains during activity. When symptoms are from a particular sport or work activity, we will observe your style and motion with the activity. Our physiotherapist may suggest ways to protect the elbow during your activities. We also keep the collagen in your tendon from breaking down further. Our overall goal is to help your elbow injury heal as soon as possible. Call pt Health today to learn more about how we can help your specific injury.
Aerobic exercise can be helpful in reducing muscle pain and tenderness. Heat and massage therapy may also be beneficial in some patients. a pt Health physio therapist will assist with education about energy conservation techniques and specific strengthening exercises that may help effectively manage fibromyalgia symptoms.
The foot can be the home of many problems, all of them uncomfortable and tough to deal with. We help treat stress fractures, pulled muscles, torn ligaments and more. Each foot injury is unique. To learn more about how we can help your unique injury, call pt Health physiotherapy today.
A hip injury is one of the most serious injuries a person can suffer through and one that can lead to long-term health problems if not addressed correctly or inevitably prevented. Your pt Health physiotherapist will work with you to regain the stability needed in the hip for balance and walking. Find out how we can help your unique injury, consider booking a no-obligation appointment today.
The knee is a sensitive area of your body and one that is prone to injury doing almost any activity. When you begin a pt Health knee physiotherapy program, our initial treatments will focus on decreasing pain and swelling in your affected knee. Our rehab team may begin range-of-motion exercises, with the goal of helping you swiftly regain full movement in your knee. This may include the use of rotation movements, gentle stretching, and careful pressure applied to the knee. We may also give you exercises to improve the strength of your hamstring and quadriceps muscles. As your symptoms ease and strength improves, we may also provide specialized exercises to improve knee stability. Learn more about how we can help. Book your physio appointment today.
Nonsurgical therapy can optimize the health of your neck and in some cases, prolong the need for surgery. Our physiotherapy programs are often prescribed for 2 to 5 weeks for patients with neck pain, although your recovery time may vary. Our therapy sessions are designed to help ease pain and to improve your mobility, strength, posture, and function. To learn more about how we can help your specific neck injury, consider scheduling a no obligation physio appointment today.
Our treatment may help improve muscle strength, making every day activities important to you easier to achieve. Our approach to neurological rehab first assesses how your muscles are functioning and then we devise a structured rehabilitation program centred around you and your needs. Call or email us today to learn more.
pt Health physiotherapists are experts at assessing, planning, and implementing effective exercise programs for overweight and obese individuals. Your insurance may cover some or all program costs. Discover how we can help with your specific weight loss goals. schedule a no-obligation appointment today.
Patients with osteoporitic bones begin losing their minerals and support capabilities, leaving the skeleton brittle and prone to fractures. The primary goals of our treatment are to educate you on proper posture, introduce safe ways of moving and lifting, and provide you with helpful exercises you can do at home to help prevent a decline in bone mass and prevent fractures. Find out how we can help you by booking a no obligation physiotherapy appointment today.
CTD is a broad health category that includes many common diseases that affect the soft tissues of your body. CTD in itself is not a disease. pt Health helps you understand your condition as well as implement the necessary rehabilitation steps that should be taken for correcting your pain and preventing injury recurrence. Get more information on how we can help you by booking a no obligation appointment.
Plantar fasciitis is a painful condition affecting the bottom of the foot. Nonsurgical management of plantar fasciitis is successful in 90 per cent of all cases. When you begin therapy our physiotherapist will design exercises to improve flexibility in the calf muscles, achilles’ tendon, and the plantar fascia. To learn more about how we can help your plantar fasciitis, consider scheduling a no obligation appointment today.
Post operative treatment can help with recovery from numerous surgeries such as acl reconstruction, frozen shoulder, joint replacement, knee surgery, hip replacement among others. Your situation is unique. To learn more about how we can help with your post op physio, consider scheduling your no-obligation physical therapy appointment today.
Pain in the buttock that radiates down the leg is commonly called sciatica. The most common cause for sciatica is irritation of the spinal nerves in or near the lumbar spine. After evaluating your condition, our physiotherapy team will use various treatments to ease spasm and pain. Discover how we can help your sciatica pain, call or email for your no obligation appointment today.
At pt Health we provide information and tools needed to successfully recover from a shoulder injury and to prevent future injuries from occurring. There are many types of shoulder injuries. To learn more about how we can help with your specific shoulder pain, schedule a no obligation physiotherapy appointment today.
Our staff works with a variety of people with different athletic and sport backgrounds to improve their overall performance and skill, and assist them with successful recovery when sports-related injuries occur. There are many types of sport related injuries. Discover how our physiotherapists can help you.
Sprains and strains are injuries caused by overstretching or tearing of the ligaments and tendons. Strains and sprains have similar signs and symptoms, but differ anatomically. To learn more about how we can help your strain / sprain, consider scheduling a no obligation appointment today.
We look forward to helping you recover from your work related injury. Whether you spend your day at the computer, sitting at a desk, standing or lifting, we can work with you to design a program that will help you avoid or recover from work injuries. Find out how we can help by scheduling a no obligation physiotherapy appointment today.

Personalized Treatment Plan: The First Step to Your Recovery

Our first goal is to reduce the symptoms you’re feeling right now as quickly as possible. We assess and develop a personalized treatment program through means including, but not limited to, advanced exercise prescriptions, manual therapy, and various modalities.

Evaluating Your Condition

To come up with your treatment program, a therapist will gather key information about your condition. Your answers along with the results of an expert examination will guide us in creating a specific type of treatment program to effectively address your specific condition and eventually, to facilitate your healing.

Adjustments to the program are implemented based on your actual progress, or response, to the treatment until your goals are achieved. We pay close attention to your progress. You will receive verbal instruction and hands-on guidance to improve your condition.

Prevention Strategies:

Understanding Your Condition and Implementing Prevention Strategies

A clear understanding of your condition will not only alleviate your concerns, but can also help you understand your condition, to look for and change factors that may be causing your symptoms, and to help you learn how to avoid future problems.

Our therapists may provide tips, specific stretches, and exercises to do at work, or during activities. We recommend changes to help you do your job with less strain and less chance of injury.

As you recover, you will gradually advance in a series of strengthening exercises for the muscles surrounding the affected area which helps patients begin moving easier and lessens the chances of future pain and problems.

How Long It Takes:

Quick Treatments to Let You Work on Your Other Responsibilities

Our goal is to relieve pain and correct your injury as quickly as possible, without compromising the quality of treatments you will be receiving. We adjust our therapy programs to meet your goals.

We get you in for treatment quickly, usually within a few days, and work hard to get you back to enjoying life as quickly as possible. In fact, in some cases just a few 30-minute therapy sessions is all it takes.

Including Your Doctor:

Your Doctor Is Always Our Partner

It takes a team approach to high quality health care. That is why we never take your doctor out of the equation.

Cole Harbour Integrated Health Services provides clear and consistent reporting to your doctor. Reporting may include areas such as results achieved, detailed assessment of problem, treatment by physiotherapist, and future treatment options.

We Help You Get Well & Stay Well.

But the treatment doesn’t stop in our office. We may provide you with exercises to do at home on a regular basis to help control your symptoms and protect reoccurrence of injury in the years ahead. Although we will continue to be a resource, you will be in charge of practicing the strategies and exercises you’ve learned as part of an ongoing home program and maintain a good quality of life.

Ready to feel your best again? Schedule Your No-Obligation Appointment Today.

You’re In Good Hands At Cole Harbour Integrated Health Services

Healthcare Solutions To Get Well And Stay Well


Cole Harbour Integrated Health Services uses many therapy options to ensure an optimal approach to your care. You will experience a variety of gentle therapy solutions that can help reduce pain, strengthen, add flexibility, improve joint range, and more. Some of our services include:

  • Physiotherapy
  • Chiropractic Care
  • Massage Therapy
  • Acupuncture
  • Custom Bracing
  • Neuro Rehab
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Orthotics (gait scan equipped)
  • Pool Therapy / Pool Program
  • Psychology
  • TMJ/TMD

Accessible and Affordable Therapy

We take care of the paperwork so you don’t have to


Insured or not, we will work to help make your therapy accessible and affordable. Whether you require services or products as part of your treatment, we will assist you with direct billing or paperwork completion. At Cole Harbour Integrated Health Services, we accept a variety of insurance plans and payment types. We currently accept:

  • Motor Vehicle Accident
  • Extended Benefits
  • Work Injury
  • Private
  • No Obligation

Payment Methods Accepted

  • Cash
  • VISA / Mastercard
  • Debit
  • Cheque

Important Coverage Information:

Employer Extended Health Plans / Benefits

We direct bill your extended health plan.

Many extended health benefits plans include physiotherapy coverage. Our team is happy to help you navigate your insurance plan coverage. While not necessary, we suggest contacting your plan provider to find out:

  1. If a doctor’s referral is required in order for treatment to be covered.
  2. How claims are handled, do they offer direct billing or will you have to complete and submit paperwork.

Not sure what your coverage is? Our team is happy to help. At your initial assessment, we can contact your insurance company to find the details of your coverage.

Motor Vehicle Coverage – Motor Vehicle Collision (MVC)

We direct bill your auto insurance plan.

If you have extended healthcare benefits that cover therapy, auto insurance companies in Nova Scotia require that your claim be placed through your extended health plan first. Any remaining balances for services are then covered by your auto accident insurance plan. On your first visit, you may be asked to provide information about your extend health plan.

If you do not have an extended healthcare benefits that covers therapy, your treatments may be billed directly through your auto accident insurance company.

Workers Compensation Board (WCB)

We bill directly to WCB for you.

WCB provides physiotherapy coverage for workers injured on the job. We bill WCB directly for treatments provided, complete necessary forms, progress reports, treatment extensions and communicate with adjudicators, your workplace and other healthcare professionals involved in your treatment. Our team can help you navigate through any WCB paperwork that you may be unsure about.

Blue Cross Billing

We will bill Medavie Blue Cross directly for physiotherapy and massage therapy treatments for members of:

  • Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP)
  • Department of National Defense (DND)
  • Canadian Forces
  • Veterans Affairs

For any treatments partially covered, you will be asked to pay the difference at each visit.

Schedule your no-obligation appointment today to get well and stay well.

Cole Harbour Integrated Health Services Team Members

Our trusted clinic team members


 

  • Photo of Natasha Trudel

    Natasha Trudel - Physiotherapist

    BScK, BScPT

    Natasha is originally from Dartmouth, Nova Scotia and first completed a Bachelor’s Degree in Kinesiology at Dalhousie University in 2002. She then graduated from Dalhousie University with a Bachelor’s Degree in Physiotherapy in 2005. Natasha immediately began working in private practice in June of 2005 and joined the ptHealth team in Eastern Passage in August of 2010. In October 2013, Natasha joined the Cole Harbour Integrated Health Services ptHealth team where she began treating full time and managing that location. Since beginning her career as a physiotherapist, Natasha has furthered her training in acupuncture, exercise rehabilitation and managing chronic pain. In her daily practice she attempts to incorporate individualized rehabilitation programs and a client-centered approach to care. Outside of the clinic, Natasha enjoys camping and enjoying the outdoors.

  • Zachary Charles Henderson

    Zachary Charles Henderson - Physiotherapist

    Zach’s career in physiotherapy began in 2010 as a kinesiologist at Cole Harbour Integrated Health Services. During that time, he worked closely with physiotherapists and other clinicians in a multidisciplinary setting. He then transferred to our Bedford location and became more involved in the sport world. He was the trainer for the Charles P. Allen high school Football and men’s Hockey team, while also coaching the Bedford-Sackville Saints Football team. Zach then decided to further his education and graduated in 2014 from the Dalhousie Physiotherapy program. Since then he has worked with PtHealth in Berwick, Porters Lake and Fall River before returning to where his career first began at Cole Harbour Integrated Health Services.

  • Photo of Jason Murray Hart

    Jason Murray Hart - Massage Therapist

    Jason was born and raised in St.John`s Newfoundland, graduating with a B.A. in Archaeology in 1997. He then decided
    on a career in healthcare so moved to Nova Scotia to complete his registered massage therapy program. Jason has worked
    as an RMT at the Cole Harbour Place clinic for the last 16 yrs.Over that period of time he has also had the role of neurological supervisor at the massage therapy school.
    In his spare time he enjoys playing ball hockey ,going to the gym, practicing martial arts and spending time with his
    15 yr. old daughter. Jason has been a volunteer firefighter in Lawrencetown for the last 10 yrs.

  • Photo of Stacey Turner

    Stacey Turner - Massage Therapist

    BSc

    Stacey graduated from Dalhousie Univeristy in 1998 with her Bachelor of Science in Biology. She then attended Northumberland College and graduated in 1999 with her Diploma in Massage Therapy. Stacey has taken several continuing education classes and has obtained her Combined Decongestive Therapy from the Dr. Vodder School. This now allows Stacey to treat Lymphedema, Lipedema, and any swelling post injury and surgery. She is a member of MTANS (Massage Therapists of Nova Scotia). Stacey is an active mother o f three, and is also an avid runner in her spare time.

  • Photo of Paula Luedemann

    Paula Luedemann - Psychologist

    BSc, MSc

    Paula received her BSC in Psychology from Acadia University in 2003 and then completed her Master’s degree at the University of Alberta (2008). Paula has worked in both private practice and health care settings. She completed an internship at the University of Alberta Counselling Center and has worked with Annapolis Valley Health in the Addiction treatment program. Paula also worked with the Learning Disabilities Association of Nova Scotia, providing psycho-educational assessment services for adults. In addition to working with individuals with learning disabilities, Paula works with individuals having difficulties with depression, anxiety, grief and bereavement, pain management related to work injuries and motor vehicle accidents, and relationship difficulties.

  • Photo of Andrea Lafleur

    Andrea Lafleur - Massage Therapist

    Andrea attended Acadia University where she pursued a Bachelors of Kinesiology Degree in 2012. While attending Acadia, Andrea played four years of Varsity Rugby where she made the All Star team three of the four years. Along with being involved in athletics she also volunteered with numerous programs including Acadia?s Kinderskills and S.M.I.L.E program, working with children of all ages. Once she finished her degree, and being an athletic individual who continues to play numerous sports, Andrea decided to continue her education and received a Diploma of Massage Therapy from ICT Northumberland College of Massage Therapy in 2014.

  • Photo of Laurel Macneil

    Laurel Macneil - Physiotherapy Support Personnel

    Laurel grew up in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan where she obtained her BA and her BSc in Kinesiology from the University of Saskatchewan. Laurel then moved to Toronto to obtain her MA in Dance at York University with her area of study focused on Dance Kinesiology. Her major research was in analyzing the prevalence of overtraining syndrome in collegiate ballet dancers. Following her time at York, Laurel moved to Nova Scotia to be closer to family and began to work as a Kinesiologist with pt Health. She has had the opportunity to work with a number of different therapists and obtain training in TOG orthotics, compession stocking fitting and exercise prescription. Laurel has also remained active in the dance community and when not at the clinic, can be found teaching at Dartmouth Dance Academy.

  • Photo of Nicola Patterson

    Nicola Patterson - Massage Therapist

    Nicola is a registered massage therapist, who graduated from ICT Northumberland College Halifax in 2014. Nicola came to Nova Scotia 4 years ago, after living in the UK and working as a social worker for several years. Throughout her life, she has worked towards enabling people in their search for balance, wellbeing and good health.

    As a massage therapist, Nicola provides a broad range of techniques such as general Swedish massage, deep tissue, myofascial and stretching techniques as well as trigger point therapy. Nicola will utilize a variety of these techniques to customize your massage therapy experience.

    Nicola is an empathetic and holistically minded massage therapist, who believes in enabling individuals towards an empowered approach to their health and wellbeing.

  • Photo of Karen Smith

    Karen Smith - Psychologist

    Karen Smith comes to pt Health Cole Harbour with ten years of clinical experience. She graduated from Dalhousie University with a Bachelor of Science degree in psychology and criminology. She received a Masters in Counseling Psychology from Memorial University of Newfoundland and Labrador. Karen is certified in several modalities including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, prolonged exposure, and dialectal behavioral therapy. These modalities can be particularly helpful for patients struggling with depression, anxiety, PTSD, and/or anger disorders. She also has experience working in the public sector for the Correctional Services of Canada.

  • Photo of Ben Murray

    Dr. Ben Murray - Chiropractor

    Dr. Murray holds a Bachelor of Science degree from Dalhousie University. He graduated as a doctor of chiropractic from the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College in 2008. At graduation, he received several awards for recognition of his skills in clinical diagnosis and radiographic examination. Currently, he is enrolled in a Sport Science Residency Program aimed at specializing in Sports Medicine, Injury Prevention, and Conditioning. Dr. Murray has received training in active release techniques (ART), Graston Technique, Thompson technique, Craniosacral Technique, and Sacrooccipital Technique. He also has training as a Sports First Responder. Dr. Murray serves as chiropractor during many sporting events including the 2011 Canada Winter Games and the 2009 Canoe Kayak World Championships.

  • Photo of Thomas Riggs

    Thomas Riggs - Occupational Therapist

    Thomas Riggs BSc (Kinesiology), Msc OT Reg(NS)
    Thomas Riggs graduated Dalhousie University in 2010 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Kinesiology with distinction. Thomas worked as a kinesiologist for pt Health and developed a strong interest in rehabilitative sciences. He returned to Dalhousie University to complete his Masters in Occupational Therapy and is now practicing as an Occupational Therapist with pt Health. Thomas currently works in the EP Physio, Russell Lake, and Forest Hills locations to complete functional scans and return to work planning for injured workers. Thomas also completes services such as Job Site Visits, Ergonomic Assessments, and Functional Capacity Evaluations. Thomas believes in the importance of engaging in occupations that are meaningful in daily living and works to help clients identify and overcome the barriers that impact their participation in daily occupation. His hobbies include regular exercise, traveling, hiking, and outdoor activity.

  • Photo of Heather Haldane

    Heather Haldane - Registered Nurse

    Heather has practiced as a healthcare professional for over 30 years. She first qualified as a Registered nurse and Midwife in Dundee Scotland. Heather then furthered her education at Dalhousie University where she graduated with honours and was the graduating year recipient of the Award for Excellence. Heather worked for many years in cardiac care and medical intensive care where she developed considerable experience in the traditional methods for pain control in both medical and post-surgical conditions. She also has extensive experience in Infectious Diseases clinical research trials where much of her work has been involved in the field of HIV/AIDS.